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Чуј, о Израеле!

Ivan BIRTA, Hebrew bible

SUMAMRY (english)

Hebrew Bible is written in ancient Hebrew (old Hebrew) and contains some passages and few number of words in Aramaic language.

Hebrew Bible is also called Mikra מקרא – Reading. The name is similar with the Muslim Koran.

Also known as Tanah תנ”ך – acronym consists of the names of three elements:

תורה Torah – Teachings, Neviim נביאים – the Prophets and Ketuvim כתובים – Writings.

Hebrew Law or teaching  is a book on a roll and is kept in the synagogues altar, consisting of five books attributed to Moses משה (in Greek Pentateuch).
These teachings include the period beginning with the world creation and continues until the death of Moses.

The parchment from Archives BIRTA represent only a fragment from the ancient Hebrew Bible.

Kept enrolled in a metal box of 6.6 x 1.7 x 0.6 cm, provided with a sliding door.

Dimensions: 65 x 58 mm (2.9 x 2.5 inches) – see photo.

Shema Yisrael, Yehowah, Elohainoo, Yehowah aichod, On this passage the Jews lay great stress and it is one of the four passages which they write on the phylacteries: On the word {elohim}, Seimeon Ben Joachi says `Come and see the mystery of the word Elohim: that there are three degrees, and each degree is by itself alone, and yet they are all one, and joined together in one, and are not divided from each other.’

Hear, O Israel, the Lord, our God, the Lord is One.  And you shall love the Lord, your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength.”

These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads.

„And you shall write my words on the doorposts of your house. Deuteronomy 6:4-9″

Biblia ebraică, numita si biblia evreiască (Rola Tora) – face parte din Arhivele BIRTA, fiind scrisă in limba ebraică antică (ebraica veche) și ea conține unele pasaje, respectiv un număr de cuvinte în limba aramaică.

Biblia ebraică, asa cum este ea cunoscuta in zilele noastre, mai este denumită si Mikrá מקרא  – Lectura,  sensul numelui fiind asemănător Koranului musulman.

Mai este cunoscuta si ca TaNaH תנ”ך – acronim format din inițialele denumirilor celor trei elemente:  Tora  תורה  – Învățăturile, Neviim  נביאים –  Profeții și Ketuvim  כתובים – Scrierile.

Tora תורה – Legea sau Învățătura ebraică  – reprezinta o carte scrisă pe un sul și este păstrată în altarul  sinagogilor, fiind alcatuita din cele cinci cărți atribuite lui Moise  משה ( în limba greaca Pentateuh).

Aceste învățături cuprind perioada care începe odată cu facerea lumii si continua până la moartea lui Moise.

Pergamentul din Arhiva carasoveneasca, reprezinta un obiect religios și conține un fragment din Biblia ebraica, având dimensiunile  de 65 x 58 mm (2,9  x 2,5 inches) – v. foto.

Pergamentul este pastrat inrolat intr-o cutiuta metalica de  6,6 x 1,7 x 0,6 cm, prevazuta la spate cu o usita culisanta.

ПРЕВОД СВИТКА МЕЗУЗЕ

Чуј, о Израеле, Господ  је наш Бог, Господ  је један.  Љуби Господа, свога Бога, свим срцем, свом својом душом, и са свим својим средствима. И те ствари које ти заповедам данас да буду у твом срцу. И да своју децу о њима научиш.  И да их изговараш кад седиш у својој кући и када идеш на пут, и када легнеш и када устанеш.  И да их везеш као знак себи на руку и да буду  украс међу твојим  очима. И да их ставиш на  оквир врата од твоје куће и свих твојих врата.

И ако будете слушали  заповести моје које сам  вам заповедао данас, то ће бити знак да волите Господа, свога Бога,  и да му служите  са свим својим срцима и свим својим душама. И ја ћу послати кишу на своју земљу у право време, и ране и касне кише, које можете сакупити у своја зрна и у своја вина и у своја уља. А ја ћу дати  траву у вашим пољима за стоку, ви ћете  јести и бићете задовољни.  Пазите се, да не буду  заведена ваша срца у заблуду и не окрећите се и не служите  другим боговима  и не клањајте им се јер ће гнев Господа бити на вама, а Он ће обуздати небо и неће бити кише, а земља неће дати своје плодове, а ви ћете брзо изгубити добра од земље што вам је Господ дао. А ви да  поставите ове моје речи у своја срца и своје душе, и да их вежете као знак по рукама и да оне буду  украс између ваших очију. И да научите своју  децу о њима, да их изговарате када седите у својој кући и када идете на пут, и када легнете и када устанете.  И да их ставите на оквир врата своје  куће и свих својих врата, да би се продужили дани ваши  и дани ваше деце на доброј земљи коју се Господ  заклео  вашим  очевима да им је да као дани небеса над земљом.

Објашњење слова на полеђини свитка:

На полеђини свитка који се ставља у мезузе, на врху су написане три речи (написано ћириличним словима која одговарају хебрејским словима, те речи би гласиле:  „КУЗУ БМУКСЗ КУЗУ“.

То су у ствари  трећа, четврта и пета реч молитве „Чуј Израеле„, али написане наопако и применом „Цезаревог кода“ – уместо слова, у речима молитве написана су слова која долазе у хебрeјеском алеф-бету после слова у правим речима.  

Испод ових речи у нормалном облику написана је реч која се фонетски чита као „Шадај“. То је једно од имена којима се у јеврејској религији означава Бог а састоји се од три слова хебрејског алеф-бетa: шин, далет и јод. То су прва три слова у речима „Шомер Далтот Исраел“ – које значе „Чувар врата Израела“.

Објашњење слике кутије мезузе:

На слици кутије јеврејског религијског предмета „мезузе“ у коју се ставља свитак који садржи молитву „Чуј Израеле“ написано је:

1)    Хебрeјско слово Шин (од „Шадај“ – Шомер Далтот Јисраел“ – Чувар врата Израела)

2)    („Ло Ианум Ве Ло Ишан Шомер Јисраел“) „Неће дремати ни спавати Чувар Израела“ – речи у јеврејској молитви из Библије.

3)    „Хај Ахад Ве Шмо Ахад“ – Господ је Један и Његово име је Једно –  молитва из Библије.

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